The Incredible Shrinking Foods…Why Size Really Matters

Size matters when it comes to food and money—and sometimes smaller is better. But sometimes…it just isn’t. Especially when it comes to food package size.

Manufacturers have reduced the food package size while keeping pricing the same to create an almost invisible unit cost increase. Don't be fooled.

Coca-Cola and PepsiCo have reported higher than expected profits and one reason has been that for both companies, the smaller mini can has been a part of their revenue-boosting strategies. That came at a time when the sales of carbonated soft drinks were beginning to fizzle out.

Head to your nearest grocery store and you’ll find the beverage aisle filled with these miniaturized offerings. Consumers have spotted a similar trend elsewhere, too. Bacon packages have gotten smaller and many are now just 12 oz. and not a pound. Toilet paper sheets are now noticeably smaller. And even some major restaurant chains are featuring bite-sized, budget-friendly menu items and desserts. The new “big” is actually “small”!

The Reason for Scaling Back?

When it comes to soda, there is some indication that parents are trying to scale back on pop consumption among their kids, like with these mini cans of Coke and Pepsi. It does sound like a really good idea, and when it comes to certain resized products like Coke and Pepsi’s mini cans, a smaller size can be a great way to appeal to health-conscious consumers.

Meats, vegetables, chocolate, coffee—all sorts of products have been sold in smaller packages in recent years. While it is true that for certain products the smaller sizing stems from a “health consciousness”, there are also the higher costs within the food industry and that is a big reason for this activity.

Changing Quantities Instead of Prices

Consumers are very sensitive to price fluctuation. We know it, and that is also the finding in studies published looking at package downsizing in things like major ice cream brands.

A few years ago, food suppliers and manufacturers began to reduce the size of a half-gallon container of ice cream from its historical 64 oz. package to just 56 oz. They did it without reducing the price and barely anyone even noticed it! With retail pricing being kept at the same level, it didn’t seem like much of a hardship for anyone to have to pay for a “lesser amount” of ice cream, and manufacturers saw this as an opportunity to fight their cost overruns and maintain or even increase their profit margins.

This small minor change in the ice cream packaging size actually produced an additional 12.5% profit (and an additional expense for you and your family). The prices of some brands and packages have continued to climb since then and many are now selling their “half-gallons” as 48 or even 45 oz. packages. That’s another loss for consumers of 11-14% from even the 56 oz. shrinkage in packaging!

BONUS TIP! When you stop to look at branded ice cream, make sure you compare it to the store’s own brand (also known as private label). They still may have shrunken package sizes or even increased the retail prices, but they still represent a much better value than national brands. Most supermarkets now feature premium flavors of ice cream which are on par with any national brand!

Food Package Size

The studies show that consumers were four times more sensitive to price than to package size. You need more time to check both price and package size of a product and most consumers probably don’t even check if it’s a product they buy every week the study noted.

I just can’t help but think and recall that old sci-fi film from back when I was a kid, “The Incredible Shrinking Man” (1957) when Scott Carey, the main character, is affected by radiation and insecticide, and medical science is powerless to help him. With all these changes happening, can you see how it may just apply to our food choices?

It’s Now So Common, It’s Even got a Name: “Shrinkflation”

It may have started out under the guise of being a “healthier” way to market your food choices—but let’s get real. It may be better for your waistline, but it’s not better for your pocketbook if manufacturers and supermarkets don’t pass on the cost saving to consumers when they reduce the content size you buy—and they don’t.

“Shrinking” products are simply an underhanded way of raising prices when the pack sizes shrink, but the prices don’t. Consumers should be very angry that they are being short-changed by some of their favorite brands. That’s if and when they even realize that it is happening to them. Sometimes its actually hard to see it unless you read all the fine print on a bottle or package these days. All in all, its been a super clever way for manufacturers to try to stop people from comparing products to find the cheapest items.

Comparing Prices

It’s fiendishly difficult to compare prices properly nowadays because of what is known as “special offers” and that means they they change the items and packages frequently. The shrinking ploy is becoming more and more common these days as they simply reduce the size so they don’t have raise the prices.

“Ping-pong” pricing (as it is called) is now a daily occurance and is very confusing to you, the customer. In almost every case, the shopper doesn’t connect to a size difference as long as the retail price seems to be consistent and so the items can sneak on by without the customer ever realizing it. Most of us shop and buy based on on price and that’s exactly how the companies are getting away with it!

Your only real defense is comparing unit prices, the price per oz. or other unit of measurement, every time you shop. Unit prices should be readily visible on the pricing tag.

Some of Your Other Favorites Have Done It

Cadbury’s including their Mars Bars, Kit Kat, and Chunky brands all have been reduced in size over the past several years. Sometimes, changes are obvious, such as Cadbury altering the shape of its chocolate.

But reductions are not always obvious. Casdbury also decreased the number of Creme Eggs in a box from half-a-dozen to five in their Easter packages and barely anyone actually noticed. Ka-ching! That move increases gross profits on every box by 16.7%!

Remember when a can of tuna was 6 oz. and not the current 5 oz.? It wasn’t that long ago. But, on other occasions, the clues are even more subtle than just removing an ounce of tuna. A jar of pasta sauce that now takes you less time to warm up to serve suggests that you are getting less of it in the jar, as an example. Take a good look at the bottom of that jar. You may see that the bottom is not flat and has been “hollowed” out slightly removing an ounce or more from it.

That Rationale Doesn’t Fly With Me

If these companies like Cadbury told us: “Look, we’re really sorry, but we have no choice but to shrink sizes to avoid price increases because cocoa is now in short supply,” then I think I’d be much more understanding about all of this. But, instead we are being made to feel duped when we realize what the companies are actually up to.

And here’s the real kicker in all of this: In many cases, the prices of the raw materials involved when the manufactures “shrink” items has actually stabilized or even gone down! But, that has not stopped the shrinkage train from heading your way one iota!

The “Fat” Is Not the Fact

Many companies have argued that a reduction in the size of their bars, boxes, and cans is not all about rising production costs, but it is also an attempt to support the drive to help people lose weight in the face of the obesity epidemic.

The truth about that is pretty obvious and disputes that faulty reasoning. Think about it. When you’re munching on some candy and these items have gotten smaller, the truth is as the bars get smaller, people just buy and eat more. I know I do and I am betting if you are being honest, you do the same thing.

Shrinkflation has taken off because suppliers are under pressure to maintain profit margins to keep shareholders happy and believe consumers prefer smaller products to bigger price increases.

Final Thoughts

Food and drink pricing always reflects the economic climate of the day and businesses seek to offset these costs wherever possible through improvements in efficiency and productivity. But these actions can only go so far, and in some cases companies then resort to tactics like reducing pack size, weight of product, or even the ounces in a can of soda rather than increasing the price for consumers.

But, it’s the underhanded way in which these product changes appear and are introduced that leaves a bad taste in my mouth and the mouths of so many others.

Are you consious of how much you are really paying for those same old things? Do you notice the “shrinkflation” and does it matter to you? If you are being budget conscious, shrinkflation may do you in unless you carefully look for it and be an even more conscientious shopper. Are you?


  1. Louise

    Struck a nerve with me with this post, Gary! I remember when bags of chocolate chips were 16 ounces, (not 14-ish); M&M bags are now shrinking; and I was burned on the 12 ounce bacon looking like a better price because I thought it was still a pound, though I won’t be caught on that again. Canned goods and broth are 14-15 ounces instead of the long-ago 16. I probably wouldn’t notice much difference in green bean casserole or Toll House Cookies or other recipes, but it is a change I didn’t choose.
    Mini-Coke cans are more expensive per can than the 12 ounce sizes, so I’m better off buying the old ones and pouring some out.
    Anyway, I believe consumers are still protected from excess packaging? For instance, a bag or can is to be full with only a legally determined amount of air space?

    1. The list goes on and on regarding package size changes and I’m glad to see that you’re noticing it because a lot of people haven’t. There are regulations, Louise, about being truthful in what’s inside the package (sometimes products will settle, like potato chips as an example) and those are stated on the boxes, but the ones we’re talking about in the post are deliberate and not a by-product of processing. I really appreciate your input, Louise. Thank you!

  2. Great write-up Gary. I’ve seen this for years and just accepted it. I hadn’t thought that many people might not even realize it is happening. It’s good that you’ve put this out there to educate more people on the topic.

    Bagged snacks are the ones that drive me crazy. I know I can pop popcorn for SUPER cheap, but I tend to buy bagged popcorn anyway. The price has always been crazy but I’ve noticed that they’ve made the bags smaller (the weight quantity at least) while keeping prices the same. Pretty sure this shrinking has happened twice in recent years for the specific brand we buy. It’s frustrating!

    1. I see the same thing when it comes to buying potato chips. The bags have been getting smaller and smaller and that does aggravate. Just a suggestion, Brad. Try popping your own corn. It’s pretty easy and comes out well. I use a lunch bag and the raw kernels in the microwave. Then I just season it with butter and salt to taste and it saves about 80% on the cost. Thanks so much for your comments.

      1. Sierra

        You can also reuse popcorn bags a few times and use your own corn. You may want to put a amall amount of butter or a healthy olive oil spray works great. If the bag doesnt have those plastic strips on the front this may.not work well. An air popper is a wonderful tool also and usually cheap to buy.

  3. Joseph Kalbach

    I feel everyone notices the shrinking of products and prices staying the same or even going up. But the packaging has not changed. Just look at the sausage patties and links, they are so small you don’t even know if there are enough in there, but the box same size. Scalloped potato’s, and look at the bagged candy by Hershey. I keep waiting the gasoline to be shrunk even more than the 10% ethenol. The most expensive part of a product is the package and advertising. Companies should feel there nerve. Let’s not forget the shrinking dollar and the widening gap of the pay structure in every industry.

  4. V Padilla

    I noticed this eons ago when the 64 oz cardboard container of Tropicana looked exactly like the original but was 60 until today it’s more like 50 oz! Yet, if the price doesn’t decrease, we’re paying more for less. Consumer “choice: is not even relevant b/c curiously, companies are more than eager to promote their “bonus” size but not the shrinking size.

    Why this isn’t considered fraud is beyond me! Though I’d bet, today, a company would try and blame COVID-19 but not point out how this shrinking was a feature before January 2020. Bastards!

    1. If it wasn’t so terrifyingly sad, your comment would actually be funny. The hidden inflationary cycle that reduced sizing is causing us, hurts. Our only defense is to shop more smartly by looking at the cost per unit, like ounces and pounds. And to be willing to try different brands and avoid brand loyalty if we can. Thank you so much for your comment!

  5. Bernie Swain

    This topic has burned me for quite a few years now. Peak Freans cookies used to be 450gm, then shrank to 400, to 350, then 300. I had stopped buying them in preference for store brands and I suspect many others did too because the packages suddenly went back up to the current 350gm. I have written to various companies. The replies I got all basically said sizes were reduced due to customer demand. They think we are stupid.

    What is left unanswered is how do we as consumers track the changing size of products? I pick up a product on the shelf and think ‘this is smaller’ but unless I have the previous size to hand, it remains just a suspicion. Is there a record of changing sizes anywhere? Do people share somewhere their complaints to manufacturers and, as importantly, are the replies they receive posted anywhere? Publicity is what will tend to keep manufacturers honest.

    Another unanswered aspect is the cost to the environment of smaller packaging. The smaller the quantities, the greater the ratio of packaging going into landfills. That is not only not good, it is bad.

    As consumers we would be better armed to deal with these rip-offs if we knew what resources are available to us and how to use them. Is it worth writing to manufacturers? More topics for your future writings perhaps.

    1. Bernie, your experiences are so similar to mine and I’m sure many others, too. It’s very important to look at the unit cost of the products that we purchase so that we can see what we’re getting for our money and not just go by the signs that say “sale”, “special value”, etc. In the past, I’ve kept a price book/diary of my own to track prices (unit costs) and sizes and that’s my suggestion to you. Producing profits is the number one priority of every major company and there is little that we can do to stop the shrinking other than to purchase alternatives such as generic products when we see them. Thanks so much for your comments.

  6. Sierra

    My mom and dad taught me about this 30 years ago. It was still happening then. My dad was a family businesa owner and taught smaller packaging is deliberately used to boist profit. My Mom taught me to always compare volume and even to calculate the per ounce. Its really easy qhen your holding a computer in your pocket. If you arent remember to divide price by units.of weight. I do this all the time at the dollar store which is a minefield of deceptive packaging and.pricing. dont fall for store specials either. The trick is to get you there for the deals and end up doing your shopping there too. Being a bit on the spectrum actually makes this really enjoyable for me plus the satiafaction of outwitting corporate marketing. Also beware one trick that wasnt clearly explained here. Product stretching. This is pretty simple but harder to notice. Cheaper ingredients, usually grains are used to stretch the product weight while using less of the more costly ingredients which are unfortunately the most nutritious ones. Candy companies have been dping this alarmingly more often. Those crunchy nuta in butterfinger? Thats stretching. The biggest one was mentioned here which is using less and less cocoa or just less chocolate. If your an avid candy fan you probably notice this. For instance the white chocolate being used so much lately costs them way less more. One last thing. Addition of water to a product. This happens and can be harder to spot unless you are used to buying the product. Like yeaterday i bought canned lasagna and when i ate it it was so thin it was like soup with about 4-6 ounces of actual pasta. They do this with cleaning products to be careful that generic might even be more expensive and not work as well. Loved the article btw, more people should notice this. Its a slap in the face from the company. It criminal imo. This was a part of why the FDA was created. Read about the start of Heinz if you want to know more about that. Good luck. enjoy thwarting those crooks!

  7. Dave J

    Super tired of the product shrinkage, cheese being an example from 500g to 450 g now 400g. Coffee, chips. Meat and many others. And where they can’t get away with size its quality. Try comparing the same brand shampoo, laundry soap between Canada and the US Canada’s pours out like water. SICK AND FED UP this isnwhere we need to protest!

    1. I’m in full agreement, Dave. Do you believe that companies feel that Americans prefer smaller products? Really, is that why we drive SUVs and Hummers? To me, it’s all about satisfying stockholders and increasing company profits. This isn’t the way to do it. Thanks for stopping by and for your comments.

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